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IncludED Through a Culture of Dignity


The IncludED Dignity Framework


The IncludED Dignity Framework offers schools a new way to approach educational equity. We’ve given that “new way” a name: Dignity. If that word sounds faintly old-fashioned to your ears, that’s because it is. Since the beginning of the 19th century, its use in popular culture has fallen off dramatically. Dignity is a noun with roots in Latin: “dignus” meaning “worthy.” We’re using that word to communicate the innate, equal worth of each human being simply because he or she is human. It is our common heritage and birthright as members of the human family. Even though we are born with it, we aren’t born with an understanding of how to recognize, reclaim, and extend it to others. That is our work.

Dignity transcends differences; everyone is born with it and holds it to the same degree. According to common definitions, dignity is the state or quality of being worthy. We propose that dignity is the central point of all equity work; it is the lens through which each arm of the work comes into clear focus. It answers the question, why. Why are we doing this work? On what foundation are we building? The foundation and reason for all equity work is the dignity of the basic humanity of each and every person we work with, even those who we may label “difficult.” Thus, we all have the right to treat ourselves and be treated with dignity.


The Dignity Principle Up to this point in equity work, traditional approaches have framed dignity as the goal toward which we are striving. However, in our experience, although that approach is well-intentioned, it puts the cart before the horse. Dignity comes first. All the rest is built upon that reality. That’s why the IncludED Dignity Framework turns the previous approach inside-out. We build upon dignity to reach the goal of equity.

We’re turning dignity into a verb. This is how we can “do” dignity. This is how we can move from an idea into an action. This is what dignity can look like in action. We’re offering a “language of dignity” in order to move from abstractions into actions -- actions that will address inequity and exclusion in our schools. Our “doing dignity” framework has four components, each of which works to make concrete the ideal contained in the noun dignity. These components are four focused ways through which we can extend dignity outwards to honor the dignity of others through values, beliefs, behaviors, practices, and policies. If this seems radical or overly idealist, that might be because we have been born into a warped system where, for the most part, dignity violations are more normal than dignity honored. Each component offers utility value to educators committed to democracy by ensuring a high-quality education for each and every student. With the help of this framework, we can shape cultures of dignity that ensure every person is included.

We need to keep an important point in mind when we talk about dignity. Dictionaries define it as “the

“dignity,” “honor,” and “respect.” In common usage, these words may seem synonymous. That’s fine, but for our work, they are different. We honor by recognizing, regarding, and commending the reality of the equal dignity/worth of each human. Dignity is innate in the person. It just is. It is universal and fixed. We honor that innateness. All persons have dignity as human beings because they are human beings. Respect is different and distinct.

Whereas dignity is unconditional, respect is conditional. Respect is a kind of admiration that needs to be earned by behavior. Respect is an accomplishment. It is relative and flexible. It can be earned and it can be lost. Dignity, on the other hand, cannot be lost, although it can be violated by others, by our culture, or even by ourselves. To put it simply, dignity belongs to the person; respect may or may not be accorded to that person’s actions. That’s an important distinction. It’s crucial for the success of our work that we fully understand this concept and move into a place of seeing dignity as a moral imperative.

Putting Dignity Into Practice As we unpack the concept of dignity and do this work, we will find -- perhaps to our surprise -- that in order to extend dignity to others, we first must have a firm grasp on our own dignity. That’s because there is a common bond to human dignity. It is our shared identity. We first need to “do dignity” with ourselves because we cannot give to others what we ourselves lack. Once we have a firm grasp on our own dignity, we can extend it the people around us. We can institutionalize it in school practices and policies. The Dignity Framework and it’s four components give us the requisite tools to do this absolutely essential work.

1. Core Competencies for Dignity: Four personal capabilities and organizational capacities that, if nurtured, make it easier to honor dignity.

  • Patience

  • Openness

  • Listening

  • Empathy

2. Indicators of Dignity: Four essentials of dignity to benchmark, gauge and assess the degree to which dignity is honored.

  • Affirmed

  • Validated

  • Accepted

  • Treated Equitably

3. Dignity Distorters: Elements that hinder our ability to honor dignity. Since “dignity begins with me,” we first uncover and correct the warped perceptions we have of our own self-worth before we can fully extend dignity to others. When we jettison these distorters, we can bring dignity into clear focus.

  • Incapacities: judgement, apathy, intolerance, denial

  • Violations: degrade differences, presume incompetence, blame and shame, dominate

  • Indignity Indicators: mistreated, otherized, dismissed, marginalized

4. Standards for Dignity: Four behavioral standards for planning, implementing, and assessing inclusive and equitable behaviors, practices, and policies.

  • Presume competence and positive intent

  • Build partnerships and community

  • Repair harm and restore relationship

  • Appreciate differences and uniqueness

Excerpt from Included Through a Culture of Dignity (2018) by Floyd Cobb and John Krownapple.


Dr. Floyd Cobb Author, IncludED Thought Leader

Floyd Cobb, Author and IncludED Thought Leader Adjunct faculty member with the Morgridge College of Education at the University of Denver. His coursework focuses on teaching methods along with the intersections of race, class, power and privilege. He has held a district-wide leadership role in issues related to educational equity for ten years and has also served as a central offcie leader responsible for curriculum and instruction. Floyd holds a Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction and is the author of the book, Leading While Black (2017) and co-author of the book, Interrogating Whiteness Relinquishing Power. He has also co-authored the article Meritocracy or complexity: problematizing racial disparities in mathematics assessment within the context of curricular structures, practices, and discourse (2015) and Navigating the Space between: Obama and the Postracial Myth (2013).

John Krownapple Author, IncludED Thought Leader

John Krownapple specializes in facilitating professional learning and organizational development focused on social justice, equity, diversity and inclusion. Since 2007 he has led the development and implementation of one of the first and most comprehensive Cultural Proficiency programs in the United States. John continues to administer this program for the Howard County Public School System (Maryland), where he has guided movement toward inclusion and equity for a variety of teams and groups: school and district leaders, staff members, partners, government officials, students, and families. In his book Guiding Teams to Excellence with Equity: Culturally Proficient Facilitation, he offers professional development leaders knowledge, skills, and dispositions for leading equity-focused professional learning. His goal is simple: To make the journey to excellence with equity easier for schools so they can make the transformations supportive of a diverse and inclusive democratic society. As an educator for two decades, John has served as a district office administrator, professional development facilitator, curriculum specialist, and elementary teacher. He is also an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University and McDaniel College.


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The Core Collaborative

Tel: 619-432-CORE (2673)